David, Part 9 “When God Speaks” (2 Samuel 23)
Through David’s life, we have learned how God can use the most unlikely person to accomplish great things for him, the importance of seeking God with all our heart, God honoring obedience, the risks and consequences of falling into sin, God’s forgiveness and restoration, and much more. This week we will look at David’s last recorded words, illustrating in the last chapter of his life that he was still “the man after God’s own heart.”
Read 2 Samuel 23:1-5 and answer the following questions:
- From verses 1-3, how does David show he was not only a king, but a prophet? What are we told in 2 Peter 1: 19-21 about David’s and the other prophet’s writings being inspired by God?
What do we learn in 2 Timothy 3:16 & 2 Peter 3:15-16 about the inspiration of Scripture? How do these passages reinforce your confidence in the Bible being the Word of God and the primary way he communicates to us?
- In 2 Samuel 23:4-5, what is the significance of the covenant God made with David concerning the salvation that would come through his lineage? (See Isaiah 16:5; Luke 1:68-70; Romans 1:1-6). What does that tell you about God’s plan of redemption and his love?
- God inspired the prophets and writers of the New Testament to record his revelation of truth for all people. How does God also guide us, according to John 14:26 & 2 Corinthians 2:10-16? How do we discern if we are being led by the Holy Spirit? (1 John 4:1-3).
- God spoke to David through people like Nathan and Samuel and through life circumstances such as David’s life being threatened by King Saul. What are some examples of how God has spoken to you through other people? How has he spoken to you through life’s circumstances in times of trial and blessings? (See Proverbs 15:22-23; Romans 8:28)
- What have you learned from the life of David that has deepened your understanding about God, his plan for your life, and his desire to work through you to shine his light?
2 SAMUEL 23:1-7
1 These are the last words of David:
“The inspired utterance of David son of Jesse,
the utterance of the man exalted by the Most High,
the man anointed by the God of Jacob,
the hero of Israel’s songs:
2 “The Spirit of the Lord spoke through me;
his word was on my tongue.
3 The God of Israel spoke,
the Rock of Israel said to me:
‘When one rules over people in righteousness,
when he rules in the fear of God,
4 he is like the light of morning at sunrise
on a cloudless morning,
like the brightness after rain
that brings grass from the earth.’
5 “If my house were not right with God,
surely he would not have made with me an everlasting covenant,
arranged and secured in every part;
surely he would not bring to fruition my salvation
and grant me my every desire.
6 But evil men are all to be cast aside like thorns,
which are not gathered with the hand.
7 Whoever touches thorns
uses a tool of iron or the shaft of a spear;
they are burned up where they lie.”
For God does speak—now one way, now another— though no one perceives it.
2 Timothy 3:16-17
All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting, and training in righteousness, so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.
26 But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.
1 John 4:2-3a
2 This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, 3 but every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God.
After removing Saul, he made David their king. God testified concerning him: ‘I have found David son of Jesse, a man after my own heart; he will do everything I want him to do.’